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Balance & Falls Program

Age-related loss of muscle mass can increase falls and falls related injuries. At least 1/3 of Australians over age 65 fall every year, with falls being the leading cause of hospitalisation and injury-related death in this population. Falls can lead to permanent disability, activity restriction, loss of confidence, loss of independence and reduced quality of life.


Risk Factors for Falls:

  • Muscle weakness Inactivity

  • Older age

  • Inactivity

  • Poor walking gait

  • Past history of falls

  • Poor balance

  • Impaired eyesight

  • Impaired sensation in feet

  • Medical conditions (e.g. stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Multiple Sclerosis)

Evidence suggests that exercise is beneficial in preventing falls by decreasing several of the above risk factors. Improving muscle strength, balance, walking gait and confidence can significantly reduce one’s risk of falling. Balance and strength exercises are encouraged for at least 2 hours a week and may include Tai Chi, gym routines or home-friendly programs. Individuals that are frail or have a history of falls may wish to start with supervised hydrotherapy sessions allowing them to work on their balance and strength with the safety of the water around them.


4 Life Exercise Physiology has expertly trained staff to work with the specific needs of older people and provides falls prevention training programs.

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