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Cardiovascular (Heart) Disease

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) includes conditions of the heart that can lead to myocardial infarction (heart attack), angina or stroke, as well as other conditions that affect the heart muscle, valves and cardiac rhythm. CVD is largely attributed to physical inactivity and is a leading cause of death in Australia.


Exercise is beneficial not only for preventing cardiovascular disease, but also to treat and improve symptoms of cardiovascular conditions. Regular exercise prevents blood vessels narrowing further, increases delivery of blood to the heart, prevents blood clotting and helps maintain healthy heart rhythm. Blood lipid profiling and blood pressure are also improved with regular exercise.


The benefits of physical activity far outweigh the risks. Regular exercise can both prevent and treat cardiovascular disease.

Painted Heart

Exercise Recommendations:

  • Aim to build up to 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise a week under the guidance of an exercise physiologist. This can be achieved by walking, swimming, cycling etc. You should feel increases in breathing rate and heart rate but still be able to maintain a conversation throughout your exercise.

  • Reduced strength is common with CVD and hence resistance exercise of low-moderate intensity is encouraged. This can improve independence for activities of daily living.

It is advised to seek advice from a health professional prior to commencing an exercise plan. At 4 Life Exercise Physiology, our team members will work with you to develop your personalised exercise program. We will consider your personal goals, health risk profile and exercise capacity when prescribing your program to ensure positive health habits long term.

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